National Green Tribunal (NGT) on 7 February 2014issued a ban on the process of burning of tyres at public places like roads and areas surrounded by residential buildings. The order was passed following the actions of burning tyres during the religious and political possessions by groups as it cause health hazard. Burning tyres creates toxic smoke, which is also a serious environmental threat. This ban was issued by Western Zone Bench of NGT after hearing a petition against the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB) and the State of Maharashtra.
The plea was filed by a group of 14 lawyers with a complaint that the process of burning tyres is a serious threat to environment and overall on humans. The petition was filed in the tribunal in November 2010. The 14 petitioners in their petition wanted a ban to be issued on tyre burning on/during the occasions of agitations might be possible by religious or political groups. The NGT, Pune in its order said mentioned the names of three states for compliance on the order it passed namely Goa, Gujarat and Maharashtra. The issued ban will led to penal consequences in Section 26 of the National Green tribunal Act, 2010 to the person/group that neglects the order of ban. National Green tribunal Acts, Section 26 says that any failure in following the order can result into a penalty of 10 crore rupees that can be extended up to 25 crore rupees or/and imprisonment for a period of three years.
Burning tyres in possessions might be possible it’s a political or religious or of any other kind is a most famous and first step of showcasing agitation.
National Green Tribunal (NGT)
The National Green Tribunal has been established on 18 October 2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010. It was constituted for effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment and giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. It is a specialized body equipped with the necessary expertise to handle environmental disputes involving multi-disciplinary issues. The Tribunal shall not be bound by the procedure laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, but shall be guided by principles of natural justice.
New Delhi is the Principal Place of Sitting of the Tribunal. The other four places of its sittings are Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata and Chennai.