Central Statistics Office (CSO) in its release on 8 February 2014 estimated that India’s economic growth in the current (2013-14) fiscal will be 4.9 percent as compared to the growth rate of 4.5 percent in 2012-13. In its release, CSO said that the growth rate in the manufacturing and mining sectors will continue to remain a cause of concern.
CSO in its estimation said that the Per Capita Income at current prices will be 74920 as compared to 67839 during 2012-13. This rise in Per Capita Income has rose by 10.4 percent. CSO has also decided the Net National Income at factor cost at current prices will be 92.4 lakh crore rupees during 2013-14 as compared to 82.6 lakh crore rupees during 2012-13. This will be a rise of 11.9 percent. It also highlighted the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the year 2013-14 will be 105.4 lakh crore rupees showing a growth rate of 12.3 percent over the First Revised Estimate of GDP for the year 2012-13 of 93.9 lakh crore rupees.
The advance estimates of the Central Statistics Office (CSO) that is functional under Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation are based on
• Level of agricultural production from the Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture & Cooperation (DAC), Index of Industrial Production (IIP)
• Monthly accounts of Union Government Expenditure maintained by Controller General of Accounts (CGA)
• State Government expenditure maintained by Comptroller and Auditor general of India (CAG)
The estimations also depends upon the performance of key sectors like transport including railways, road, air and water transport etc. It has also taken into consideration of things like communication, banking and insurance. The advance estimates at current prices are derived by estimating the implicit price deflators (IPDs) at sectoral level from the relevant price indices. Earlier, in its revised estimates from the provisional forecast of 5 percent, CSO lowered the growth for 2012-13 fiscal to 4.5 percent. C Rangarajan, the Chairman of the Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council described this revision as encouraging indication that the economic slowdown is over.
Economic Statistics covers statistics on Employment, Industry, National Accounts, Prices, Transport and Communication and Trade. Some of the statistics is compiled using administrative data while others are through conducting business surveys. There are instances where a combination of administrative and business surveys data are used to augment each other.